A Graduate School of Theology and Ministry

2nd Sunday of Advent, Year A

December 04, 2022

Lectionary 4:

Isa 11:1-10 [Peaceful kin-dom from the Jesse stump]

Ps 72:1-2, 7-8, 12-13, 17 [Justice shall flourish]

Rom 15:4-9 [a community in harmony glorifies God with one voice]

Matt 3:1-12 [prepare the way of the Lord]


Possible preaching themes:

  • The king-judge with good judgment skills and biased toward justice (Isaiah, Psalm)
  • Giving life to elderly and sick persons (Isaiah, Matthew)
  • Leading the people of God with ancestral wisdom and being well rooted (Isaiah)


Possible Scientific resources




Homily Outline: Stump Sprouts

  • From King to Kinship
    • The “root [or stump] of Jesse” is a reference the former shepherd David who served in Saul’s court and later became king of the Israelites. In some Christian traditions, Isaiah 11 has been read as a prophecy about Jesus as a descendant of David. This interpretation focuses on Jesus as King. Rather than focusing on David’s or Jesus’s kingship, which reiterates imperial domination, a mujerista approach focuses on kinship and Jesus as kin. https://eewc.com/kingdom-kindom-beyond/; https://issuu.com/austinseminary/docs/insights_fall_2021_i/s/13746319; https://www.redletterchristians.org/the-kin-dom-of-god/
    • A decolonial approach to the text values many other aspects of the poetic metaphor. For example, a shoot that comes out of a stump, or “stump sprout,” has access to ancestral memory, symbiotic relationships under the soil and communication networks between trees through the stump’s root system.


  • Ancestral memory
    • Ancestry is important to establish kingship rights. Ancestral memory passed down from stump to sprouts is also essential to help the next generations to survive and thrive. A tree’s memory is stored in its rings and records the  growing conditions of previous years, including speed of growth and lack or abundance of water. This memory gives the offshoot important knowledge to live and adapt to its environment and to grow and flourish. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/mother-trees-are-intelligent-they-learn-and-remember/
    • While reading Isaiah 11 points to a Christian imaginary in which Jesus will return as King to judge, interpreting the offshoot as if it was Jesus may alternatively point to the new life that Jesus brings. David became king bringing ancestral knowledge of shepherds and rural living, of music to heal the soul, of trust in a higher power that would give him victory in battle without an armor. Similarly, Jesus is kin with ancestral knowledge of Jewish rituals and faithful living, of priesthood, as well as the conditions of being poor, and desiring reversals. Instead of instilling fear of judgement, stump sprouts are the reason to celebrate ancestral knowledge transferred to the next generation giving them wisdom to live and thrive.


  • Interconnected roots
    • Stump sprouts of many tree species have access to and benefit from the extensive root system of the stump. Through the root system of the stump the offshoot establish symbiotic relationships with fungi, soil nutrients and water, and a communication network with other trees. All of these, necessary for a tree to grow and thrive, are still accessible to the offshoot. These scientific findings point to expanding previous knowledge of trees as competitors for light and nutrients to knowledge of trees as a community that collaborates for the benefit of their ecosystem. [see the links regarding “stump sprouts” above under scientific resources, also https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(19)30146-4?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS2589004219301464%3Fshowall%3Dtrue#relatedArticles;
    • While aboveground stump sprouts may look fragile and vulnerable, underground they are deeply and widely rooted. If ecologist Suzanne Simard is right in asserting that forests are not collections of isolated organisms but webs of constantly evolving relationships, then a stump’s sprout in a forest is part of that web. The offshoot is not growing as an isolated organism but as part of a community that literally and physically nurtures it and protects it from erosion.
    • From this perspective, Isaiah 11 becomes a beacon of hope, not only for a peaceful kingdom after the day of judgment, but also hope in that offshoot that is already rooted and belonging in community. The stump’s sprout is strongly connected with its kin and surroundings.
    • The good news in the text may be reframed away from a single organism that is a great king and into a new member that emerges out of an already established collaborative community that thrives on symbiosis and synergy, which fosters biodiversity, which leads to stability and resilience. The stump’s sprout will grow connected because it is rooted and will keep and pass the wisdom of its kin.
Liturgical: Advent
Topic: Ecology

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